Scientists say that food preferences of a child are laid during fetal development. This is an additional reason why pregnant women should eat properly and varied – and then the baby gets to choose healthy food.
For several decades researchers have been convinced that the smell, and later taste sensations, which the infant meets in the first days, weeks and months of his life subsequently can form his lasting eating habits.
However, French scientists reported that the emergence of the child’s special love for certain dishes can change the food eating future mother during pregnancy. Despite the presence of hemoblastoses barrier which prevents mixing of maternal blood with fetal blood, the molecules of the substances that form the taste and smell of food, still enter the body of unborn baby, which, according to the authors of the study, subsequently “learns” them.
Scientists from the University of the French province of Burgundy in Dijon (Bourgogne University in Dijon) confirmed this hypothesis with an experiment.
The study involved 24 pregnant women who were divided into 2 groups: women of the control group in the last few days of pregnancy received adequate nutrition, in which, however, did not have any food with sharp smell and taste.
And the participants from the experimental group in addition to normal diet received candy and cookies made with anise oil, has a strong specific smell.
After the birth of children in the first 4 days of their lives, the researchers alternately brought to the faces of babies pieces of cloth of different odorous substances.
The authors argue that almost all babies whose mothers before birth used in food products, flavored with anise oil, a known familiar scent when they were given a sniff of a cloth soaked in the substance. The children began to smile and reach for the familiar scent.
“The molecules of food a pregnant woman eats, can penetrate into the body of the fetus. Perhaps this phenomenon can be very distant in time consequences for the child, forming his food preferences for years to come,” suggests Professor Benoit Schaal (Schaal Benoist), who led the experiment.